With the present trend toward consumer activism, the legal status of boycotts becomes of paramount importance. Over the past several years, various groups have boycotted a host of products and producers including beef, eggs, wine, and infant formula, Campbell's, Libby, NBC, and Annheusar-Busch. Although it offers no comprehensive solution, the Supreme Court has finally addressed some of the questions raised by the political boycott dilemma. In NAACP v. Claiborne Hardware Co. the Court held that the first amendment protected all but the few violent elements of a black boycott of white businesses, and that the state court was precluded from imposing liability for business losses on all boycott participants rather than on the violent few.
Elaine Cohoon, Constitutional Law - Freedom of Association and the Political Boycott, 5 Campbell L. Rev. 359 (1983).