The issue of addressing the justice gap in civil cases has been and continues to be the subject of research and suggestions by many authors across the United States, especially in the face of additional complexities arising from the COVID-19 pandemic. This Article introduces a description of the traditional approaches that have been proposed to close the justice gap and highlights the innovative ways to address this problem that have been offered over the past twenty years. Part I is devoted to the history of pro bono legal services and the reasons for the impossibility of solving the problem of access to justice using these approaches exclusively. Parts II, III, and IV describe other models of delivering legal services that have the potential to make legal services more affordable to clients who cannot obtain legal services at prevailing market rates, thus addressing the justice gap problem.



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