The question of whether a government employee may be dismissed solely because of his political party affiliation is of continuing importance to some twelve and a half million employees at all levels of government. The right to associate with the political party of one's choice is protected by the first and fourteenth amendments to the Constitution of the United States. Therefore, dismissal of a government employee solely because he is a Democrat or Republican infringes on his first amendment right to free political association. Although lower-echelon employees are protected by civil service restrictions on patronage removals, most higher level employees are not.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.